2009年3月12日

Cultural Identity and Clothing!

Adrian Holliday"Intercultural Communication"(2004)

"Chinese Teacher
Jant is American and got to know Zhang and Ming, who are Chinese, when they were doing their master's course together. She found that Zhang talked a lot both in class and at other times about Confucianism and how it was the basis of Chinese culture......He (Zhang) said that because of Confucianism, just as it was impolite for children to question their parents, it was impolite for students to question their teachers. This meant that all sorts of things which happened in classrooms in the West, like discovery learning and classroom discussions, were culturally inappropriate in China.......but when Janet told him (Ming) what Zhang had told her about the student having to obey their teachers in China, Ming said that this was not strictly true-that he knew lots of teachers who prepared to be engaged in discussion by this students, that students were certainly not always prepared to submit to teachers who would not listen to them, and that in modern China many parents no longer held the sort of authority that Zhang was talking about.

Janet then read an article which said that people in the developing world had tended to exaggerate their own cultural identity in order to counter the powerful influence of the West.When she put this idea to Ming he said that there was no need to read too much into Zhing's statement about Confucianism.......He (Ming) had seen so many American people in China who had seemed far more 'American' than anyone he had seen here.Surely was it not the case that all people drew more heavily in certain cultural resources when they felt culturally threatened by strange behaviour. So does that mean that Confucianism is a 'cultural resource' she wondered."

看過巔兄的穿唐服讓我想起了上面那篇文章,
Cultural Identity是一個民族的中心定位,
只有肯定了自身的價值才能夠讓我們面對"自己",
但在尋找自我Identity的同時,
人們往往會把民族文化中某些特性擴大,
從而產生一些不真實的表面狀況。
雖然現今中國國力有所提昇,
但相比於漢唐盛世,
中國還是處於一個"發展中"的階段。
曾經聽過有人提倡穿漢服、唐服,
但未有聽過要穿宋服、明服、清服,
因為這幾個朝代都不是中國最興盛的年代吧?
也許康熙皇帝曾帶領國民進駐世界舞台頂端,
但晚清的割地賠款、八國聯軍、火燒圓明苑卻令國人感到無限屈辱,
所以要選擇一個代表自己cultural identity的服裝時,
自然會傾向漢唐裏看了。
另外,
中山裝顧名思義是代表了孫中山先生的服裝,
它象徵了新中國從腐敗的清朝中復生,
我們時常看民初片時,
那些把外國洋人和日本鬼子打得落花流水的英雄不是都穿中山裝嗎?
這可以說是一種自我滿足和陶醉,
但也是從新把民族形象定位的理念!

13 則留言:

梁巔巔 說...

個人認為春秋戰國同明裝最正!

現在改良咗嘅中山裝亦掂!

"但晚清的割地賠款、八國聯軍、火燒圓明苑卻令國人感到無限屈辱,"

如果換咗係明朝, 仲仆街!

新鮮人 說...

巔兄,
我對古服没有硏究,
但喜觀秦漢時代那種闊袍大袖,
行走時衣服隨風飄動好有氣勢。

明代歷史我忘記得七七八八了,
除了鄭和下西洋外,
只有朋黨之爭和太監弄權,
而且我對朱元璋這個人無好感!

嘿嘿 說...

还是中山装、毛装最能显出中华民族的气节和毅力!
并值得骄傲!
也最能代表现代化的中华民族!

梁巔巔 說...

明朝種衰法真係......

全部皇帝都衰咁難得嘅!

唔理政事不特止, 有殺人狂, 有吸毒, 有畸戀老母, 有雙性 n p 戀, 有 "鬥木", 有智障, 有性無能, 有虐待狂..... 哎, 真係冇得頂!

嘿嘿 說...
此留言已被作者移除。
嘿嘿 說...

殿巅,
发咩牢骚?
皇帝也是人啊!
拿波伦也是双性的呀!
嘿嘿嘿~~~~~

梁巔巔 說...

拿波伦也是双性?! 不是喇! 拿破崙是後期變成性無能呀!

新鮮人 說...

嘿嘿,
因為中山裝是近代服飾,
人們認識較多,
加上久中山先生為名,
所以親切感較強吧!

新鮮人 說...

巔兄,
明朝啲皇帝質數真係偏差,
可能是皇室教育不濟所致,
加上朱元璋的"種樹"差,
所以十個有八個都麻麻哋!

the inner space 說...

有聽過現時粵劇的古裝就是明服遺傳下來。
孫中山先生的中山是他旅居日本時化名中山樵,顧中山裝有著近代日服的影子。 有看過日本片集的會發覺,日本高校男生的校服,跟中山裝極為相像。反而毛裝或稱解放裝,是最近代的中國男性服裝,不過一聽見『解放』,啲人就會好抗拒,改過個新名會潮啲。

新鮮人 說...

space,
謝謝你的資料,
你唔講我都無留意這些事情喎!

微豆 Haricot 說...

女裝呢?

旗袍很大體,又有性感美,不差,但「解放裝」就令人回想起民革江青!!

新鮮人 說...

微豆,
Identity是一個民族的特徵代表,
女性在中國全統社會地方較低,
所以在此點上起了較少的作用,
這樣說不是看輕女性,
但是從前古代傳統確是如此!